Forrest Gump may have said that life is like a box of chocolates. But we prefer to think of life as a rainbow with lots of different spots along the spectrum.
Or, more accurately, that's how we like to think of CBD. You've probably heard the terms "full-spectrum" and "broad-spectrum" thrown around in the CBD world.
But if you're wondering what exactly full-spectrum CBD is, then you've come to the right place. We can't guarantee that you'll get a fun piece of chocolate with every new piece of information you receive.
But it is the holiday season. There's bound to be sweets and goodies all around your home!
So find your favorite holiday snack and rush back to the computer. And get ready to start reading about the rainbow...
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Types of CBD
The cannabis plant may be singular. But the various types of CBD that can be extracted from it are quite varied and unique.
Full-spectrum CBD contains not just CBD. But all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids too. (We'll get to those later.)
This means that full-spectrum CBD also contains both CBD and THC. Well, less than 0.3% THC. But it's enough of a difference to separate it from its fellow CBD oil counterparts.
Broad-spectrum CBD products contain CBD as well as other cannabinoids. But it doesn't go as far as to contain THC like full-spectrum CBD oil does.
So think Roy G. Biv but without the Y, the B, and maybe the V. So, Ro G. Iv... yeah, just doesn't have the same ring to it... But that's broad-spectrum for ya!
CBD isolate is exactly what it sounds like: pure CBD. CBD isolates are perhaps the most accessible to find in terms of legality because of the fact that it's isolated CBD.
And we won't even try to figure out what CBD isolate is in terms of Roy G. Biv. It'd probably be just one letter - so you decide which one!
Different extraction methods
You probably thought we were just being cute when we said that broad-spectrum CBD is like Ro G. Iv instead of Roy G. Biv. But when it comes to extraction methods, that metaphor really holds up!
Besides, knowing these extraction methods will also help you understand full-spectrum CBD oil a little better. Especially since not all CBD oil is extracted the same.
Carbon dioxide extraction
CBD oil can be extracted from the hemp plant through a number of ways. But the carbon dioxide extraction method is perhaps the most popular.
That's because it's able to separate CBD oil from cannabis plants. And this allows for a much higher and purer concentration of CBD in your CBD rubs, edibles, and more!
Steaming has its own reputation in the beauty world for a number of great reasons. But when it comes to cannabis extract, steam distillation isn't quite as effective as the CO2 method.
That being said, steam is particularly good at extracting essential plant oils. So you'll still get some great CBD oils out of this method.
Using a solvent for CBD extract is less common although it can be effective when done well. The reason it's not as common is because of the potential health risks it poses as solvent residue can be left behind. (AKA not good for health or flavor.)
Lipid extraction is like the new kid on the block. Everyone's wanting to try them out for their full-spectrum CBD products as a more positive alternative to CO2 or solvent extraction. But research is still ongoing.
What makes full-spectrum CBD?
So, now that you've had a quick rundown of all the types of CBD and their extraction methods, it's time to get down to the very reason you're here. What the heck is full-spectrum CBD?!
Well, we already touched on how full-spectrum CBD is a form of CBD that contains terpenes and flavonoids unlike broad-spectrum CBD oil or isolate CBD. But what we haven't told you are what exactly those things are.
When it comes to CBD products, you probably only know about THC and CBD. But there are more than 100 different cannabinoids present in the hemp plant that also get extracted - and maintained if you're talking full-spectrum CBD oils.
These cannabinoids offer exactly what the name suggests: the full-spectrum of CBD. But if you want to get into specifics, then CBD and THC are the ones that play center stage in full-spectrum CBD products.
Just like cannabinoids, hemp plants also contain more than 150 terpenes. These affect the hemp plant and its fragrance.
So that earthy smell you get from your CBD edibles? You can thank terpenes for that.
CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD oil doesn't necessarily contain as many terpenes as full-spectrum CBD. And this may be to the liking of some.
Because let's be honest. Scent and fragrance can be quite subjective! (We won't even give you an example for fear of starting a never-ending debate...)
And flavonoids are not just specific to full-spectrum CBD oil or even the hemp plant alone. There are flavonoids in all kinds of plants including fruits, vegetables, grains, and more.
It's what gives oranges that citrusy flavor. Or leafy greens that, well, leafy green flavor!
Sometimes, a full-spectrum CBD product may use additional ingredients to try and subdue the natural flavonoids in their CBD gummies, delta 9 gummies, or CBD oil. But again, it all comes down to personal preference.
Well, that and what the CBD brand decides they want to sell. Some brands prefer to maintain the natural flavonoids on purpose!
How does full-spectrum CBD work?
It's clear to see just how different full-spectrum CBD oil is from CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD. But what's not quite as clear is how full-spectrum CBD oil works in comparison to these other forms of CBD. That's where we can turn to the entourage effect.
The entourage effect
Remember how CBD isolate is only about absorbing CBD alone? Well, the entourage effect purports that full-spectrum products that contain terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids may enhance the CBD that's already there.
So using sublingual CBD products that contain CBD isolate versus full-spectrum CBD oil will provide different results. And that's because of the additional cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids present.
Again, we can turn to our dear friend Roy G. Biv for backup. Roy wouldn't be nearly as strong without his middle name and last name G. Biv.
And that's exactly what full-spectrum CBD means: it only makes your CBD oil or CBD product stronger when all the colors of the rainbow are involved. Not to mention, it gives Roy his entire name back.
But it's been researched that full-spectrum CBD may offer more than its CBD counterparts like CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD. And simply because of the additional compounds used.
So if that Roy G. Biv analogy just hasn't been working for you this entire (and you're begging us to stop), we'll switch it up to get folks on board. Beyonce.
Everybody loves Beyonce. She's amazing at what she does. And when has her backup dancers with her? Beyond amazing Beyonce!
Single Ladies would still be a smash hit even if the music video was just her dancing. But with just two other backup dancers, that song and video gets taken to the next level.
There. We managed to compare Beyonce to Roy G. Biv. How's that for a holiday surprise?
Roy G. Biv, Beyonce, whatever you like!
Hopefully, our various analogies between Roy G. Biv and Beyonce haven't turned you off to full-spectrum CBD completely. In fact, our hope is that you're able to understand full-spectrum CBD even more!
Because when it comes to CBD, the additional compounds found in the hemp plant are already there for a reason. They work together as a team.
But for those looking for specific members of the team, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate are still around for you to play with. Especially if you're not a fan of THC or simply don't have those kinds of products available to you.
Either way, you'll be getting a stellar act with just CBD or CBD with its backup dancers. Because who doesn't love Beyonce?
We didn't get into the fragrance debate, but we'll definitely dive deep for Queen Bey. So with that, happy holidays and happy frolicking around the rainbow as you explore the full spectrum of all that comes with CBD!
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Clean Remedies is a woman-owned, independent family business that uses USDA Certified Organic Hemp Extract to create products that are free from harmful chemicals, cruelty-free, and made in the USA, meant to benefit your well being and meet our own high standards of efficacy. For CBD facts, product discounts, and more, follow us on Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, LinkedIn, and Pinterest.